The Establishment of the Kingdom of God


Genesis 17:4-6

Genesis 15:13-14

In this prophecy God says that Israel would live in a foreign land before returning to Canaan.  This prophecy concerns the time that Joseph was in Egypt, holding the position equivalent to prime minister.

“afflict them”   The Jews have been afflicted whenever they have lived in foreign lands.

Have you ever thought about the Jews?  They are an ancient people, who have lost their country and their nationhood 2,000 years ago, and yet have survived.

Numerous attempts have been made to exterminate them, from the Catholic Church at the time of the Crusades (1,000 AD) to the latest attempt – by Adolf Hitler.

But the Jew has stood at the graves of all his enemies.  This is all because of the ancient promise to Abraham.  Genesis 12:3  Notice the blessing for those who bless, and the curse on those who curse Abraham and his descendants.  

The Holocaust produced an international conscience and, as a result, the United Nations voted to provide a homeland for the Jews (November 1947). The State of Israel began May 1948.

Ezekiel 37:12


The return to the land

Jeremiah 30:3,10,11

  • They will return to the “land of their fathers” (v3)
  • Return from being “in captivity”
  • They will be “saved” as a people
  • God will make a “full end of other nations”
  • They will be corrected and punished
  • Finally, God will be their God (v22)
  • “In the latter days you will consider it” (v23)


Ezekiel 37:21,22

  • They will be regathered                                                                           World War 1
  • They will be made a nation                                                                      World War 2
  • They will have a king – Christ                                                                  World War 3


God’s intention with Israel is still relevant in New Testament times (Acts 3:25, 26).  The birth of Jesus Christ was related to the promises to Abraham (Luke 1:54,55).  

Jesus said to his disciples “you will sit on twelve thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel” (Matthew 19:28).  This shows that the nation of Israel has a future destiny.  Despite the wickedness of some Israelites, the promises remain secure and will include non-Jews who accept the truth of God (Luke 13:28, 29).



How did their national destiny begin?

  • Israel lived in Egypt as tribal groups, segregated from the people of Egypt.
  • A new Pharoah began to oppress Israel, using them as slave labour.
  • Moses became the leader who led over 2 million people out of Egypt to freedom.
  • After some weeks, they arrived at Mt Sinai on the Sinai Peninsula. (Exodus 19)


Israel was constituted a nation at Sinai – Here, God gave His people a constitution, a law, worship, and a destiny, ordering their daily life.  At Sinai, they truly became a nation.


Exodus 19:4

“I brought you unto myself” – God had a special relationship and purpose with Israel.  He was now going to organise them.

“if you will obey my voice” & “peculiar treasure” – special treasure.  They would have pre-eminence in God’s purpose to bring all people back to God’s way.

“all the earth is mine” – how often we forget that God is creator and sustainer of life. God is the landowner, and He will require an account from us.

Verse 6

“kingdom of priests”  priest – mediator between God and man.  They were to minister to the rest of the world about God.

“holy nation”  “holy” means separate.  They were separated from the world to God.


The law taught social responsibility

Social care:

Providing for the poor & unemployed

Special care for widows and fatherless


Leviticus 19:9-14

Exodus 22:22-24

Safety issues:

Building practice

Excavation hazard

Unsafe animals


Deuteronomy 22:8

Exodus 21:33,34

Exodus 21:28-32

Employment issues:

Holidays – one day a week

Annual holidays – 3 separate weeks a year! (3 feasts)


Deuteronomy 5:12-15

Exodus 34:23


The poor had loans interest free

Financial aid and debt release


Exodus 22:25

Deuteronomy 15

Land laws:

Ownership retained within families – borrowing against land limited – 50 year release

Seventh year – land fallowed


Numbers 33:54

Leviticus 25:12-13



Fallowing the ground

Preserving trees


Leviticus 25:3-4

Deuteronomy 20:19,20

Disease Control:

Infectious diseases – eg leprosy

Disease prevention

Any bodily discharge, eg diarrhoea, haemorrhage; washing of clothes and body and isolation of patient.


Leviticus ch 13, 14

Leviticus 11:39,40


Leviticus 15:2

Repentance and forgiveness

Sacrificial offerings for sins – mental health


Leviticus 4:27-31


Hatred and the revengeful spirit was legislated against

Sexual purity required

Restitution for property damage and theft


Leviticus 19:17,18

Leviticus 20

Exodus 22:4-8


The purpose of the Law:

  • To give them an ordered life                  Deuteronomy 6:1-3; Romans 7:12
  • To discipline the nation, and limit sin     Galatians 3:19
  • To prepare them for Christ                    Galatians 3:24

 Next Lesson:  The Promise to King David – God promised David a Royal Son to rule for ever.